Energy Tribune http://www.energytribune.com Mon, 23 Jun 2014 16:11:38 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.3.2 Mexico Begins Debate On Massive Oil Overhaul /80432/mexico-begins-debate-on-massive-oil-overhaul /80432/mexico-begins-debate-on-massive-oil-overhaul#comments Wed, 11 Jun 2014 16:27:04 +0000 /?p=80432 From BUSINESS INSIDER Mexico’s senate began discussions Tuesday on enabling legislation to implement historic constitutional reform opening the country’s oil industry to foreign investment for the first time since 1938. President Enrique Pena Nieto had already signed the controversial measure after it was approved by Congress and ratified by a majority of states, but lawmakers […]

The post Mexico Begins Debate On Massive Oil Overhaul appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
From BUSINESS INSIDER

Mexico’s senate began discussions Tuesday on enabling legislation to implement historic constitutional reform opening the country’s oil industry to foreign investment for the first time since 1938.

President Enrique Pena Nieto had already signed the controversial measure after it was approved by Congress and ratified by a majority of states, but lawmakers must now pass “secondary” laws to implement it.

That process began Tuesday with the energy and legislative affairs committees holding an extraordinary session on the basis of a draft drawn up by two of the country’s leading parties, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the conservative National Action Party (PAN).

Foreign oil giants are keen to get a glimpse of the legislation because it will detail how the contract system will work.

But a third party, the left-wing Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), vehemently opposes the reforms and issued a statement Tuesday reiterating its stance.

Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/mexico-wants-to-open-the-countrys-oil-industry-to-foreign-investment-2014-6#ixzz34LfrU7C5

Click here to read more

The post Mexico Begins Debate On Massive Oil Overhaul appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
/80432/mexico-begins-debate-on-massive-oil-overhaul/feed 0
China Defends Oil Rig in Dispute with Vietnam /80430/china-defends-oil-rig-in-dispute-with-vietnam /80430/china-defends-oil-rig-in-dispute-with-vietnam#comments Mon, 09 Jun 2014 16:30:08 +0000 /?p=80430 From Bangkok Post China late Sunday issued a lengthy defence of its use of an oil rig in contested waters that is at the centre of a bitter dispute with Vietnam. A statement on the foreign ministry website, relayed in full by the official news agency Xinhua, said the drilling operations near the Paracel Islands […]

The post China Defends Oil Rig in Dispute with Vietnam appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
From Bangkok Post

China late Sunday issued a lengthy defence of its use of an oil rig in contested waters that is at the centre of a bitter dispute with Vietnam.

A statement on the foreign ministry website, relayed in full by the official news agency Xinhua, said the drilling operations near the Paracel Islands fell within China’s “sovereignty and jurisdiction”.

It also accused Vietnam of acting aggressively towards Chinese personnel, accusing Vietnamese vessels of “illegally and forcefully disrupting” work there and of ramming Chinese boats.

The oil rig is in the vicinity of the contested Paracel Islands, which are known as Hoang Sa in Vietnam and called Xisha by Beijing.

Relations between Vietnam and China have plummeted over the oil rig’s presence, which has worsened an increasingly heated dispute over territorial claims in the area.

On Friday, Vietnam released dramatic footage showing a large Chinese ship chasing and ramming one of its fishing boats which then sank near the rig.

Click here to read more

The post China Defends Oil Rig in Dispute with Vietnam appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
/80430/china-defends-oil-rig-in-dispute-with-vietnam/feed 0
Libya could Stop Exporting Crude Oil in Days /80428/libya-could-stop-exporting-crude-oil-in-days /80428/libya-could-stop-exporting-crude-oil-in-days#comments Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:08:46 +0000 /?p=80428 From World bulletin World Bulletin/News Desk Libya’s crude exports could fall to zero in days as the state oil company could be forced to divert the only remaining exports to the Zawiya refinery, which provides crucial gasoline to the country’s capital. Crude from two offshore fields may be used to supply the 120,000 barrel per […]

The post Libya could Stop Exporting Crude Oil in Days appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
From World bulletin

World Bulletin/News Desk

Libya’s crude exports could fall to zero in days as the state oil company could be forced to divert the only remaining exports to the Zawiya refinery, which provides crucial gasoline to the country’s capital.

Crude from two offshore fields may be used to supply the 120,000 barrel per day refinery unless oil production from Brega in the east improves within two days, a spokesman for National Oil Corp (NOC) said on Wednesday.

The move to use offshore oil, if confirmed, would hit one of the last oil export sources for a government struggling with a wave of protests at oilfields and ports that began last summer.

It would be the first time that Libya has stopped exporting oil since the 2011 civil war.

The Al Jurf and Bouri offshore fields, producing around 80,000 bpd, have been unaffected so far by 10 months of nationwide oil protests.

As for the rest of the country, protesters are still blocking either the export terminals or the oilfields themselves in order to prevent any other exports.

The small Wafa field is still producing some condensate, a very light oil, though it was unclear if the output would be exported, regional traders said.

A group of federalists, led by civil war veteran Ibrahim al-Jathran, allowed two of the four eastern ports they were blocking since end-July 2013 to reopen after an initial government deal in April.

But oil guards blocked one of them again last week. They have prevented two tankers from loading at Hariga over unpaid salaries, though oil officials said these have now been transferred.

The other reopened port of Zueitina ran out of crude in May after storage was emptied by eager buyers while production at the connecting oilfields has not yet resumed.

The 120,000 barrel per day Zawiya refinery depends on oil from the major western El Sharara oilfield, which has been shut down since March.

Crude coming from the eastern Brega port was being used as an alternative feedstock but production has been fluctuating below its 80,000 bpd capacity and was only just over 10,000 bpd last week.

Click here to read more

The post Libya could Stop Exporting Crude Oil in Days appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
/80428/libya-could-stop-exporting-crude-oil-in-days/feed 0
Saudi Arabia Will Increase Oil Supplies Because Of Ukraine /80427/saudi-arabia-will-increase-oil-supplies-because-of-ukraine /80427/saudi-arabia-will-increase-oil-supplies-because-of-ukraine#comments Thu, 05 Jun 2014 15:53:26 +0000 /?p=80427 From Investing.com By Masterforex-V The Government of Saudi Arabia stands ready to increase the supply of oil significantly due to the political crisis on the territory of the Ukrainian state. Information about such a decision of the Government of Saudi Arabia has appeared on the pages of the business periodical International Business Times, which indicates […]

The post Saudi Arabia Will Increase Oil Supplies Because Of Ukraine appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
From Investing.com

By Masterforex-V

The Government of Saudi Arabia stands ready to increase the supply of oil significantly due to the political crisis on the territory of the Ukrainian state.

Information about such a decision of the Government of Saudi Arabia has appeared on the pages of the business periodical International Business Times, which indicates the head of the Ministry of Petroleum Industry of Saudi Arabia Ali Al-Naimi as the source of this decision.

Al- Naimi said that the Saudi government was ready to increase significantly oil supply to the world markets if Russia began to decline the exports of “black gold” into the European states, and militants from groups with pro-Russian sentiment would continue their activities associated with destabilization of the political situation in Ukraine. According to the oil minister of Saudi Arabia, the decision was reviewed by the state government due to the fact that the above events could have an impact on the deficit of oil on the world markets.

According to the head of the Oil Ministry, the Saudi government is ready to compensate in full any shortfall that may arise in connection with the above terms. However, according to Al-Naimi, today it is too early to say that there are similar problems on the world markets. According to the Minister, at this stage of the event the level of oil resources continues to remain fairly stable in the world markets and there are no significant reasons for fundamental changes to date.

Al- Naimi also said that the concerns about oil supplies from the Russian Federation to the territory of Ukraine and European countries had arisen in connection with military operations in the eastern regions of Ukraine, which were triggered by militants of the armed groups, having pro-Russian sentiment. According to Al-Naimi, the military actions, which began in Ukraine, strengthened significantly the already strained relations between the Russian Federation and the leadership of the European countries. Al-Naimi also said that as a result of the emerged fighting actions in the eastern regions of Ukraine the prices for Brent Crude Oil stick the figure $108 per barrel after the price of the same brand of oil rose to an annual maximum – 112.39 USD per barrel on March, 3rd.

In addition, Minister Al-Naimi said that oil resources increasing, delivered from Saudi Arabia might reduce its value on world markets to the level of 100 dollars per barrel.

Let’s recall that these solutions were considered by the government of Saudi Arabia in connection with the holding of a referendum to determine the status of the region by pro–Russian movement activists in Donetsk and Lugansk regions. The holding of this referendum raises concerns associated with the aggravation of the political crisis in Ukraine and further escalation of the situation.

Click here to read more

The post Saudi Arabia Will Increase Oil Supplies Because Of Ukraine appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
/80427/saudi-arabia-will-increase-oil-supplies-because-of-ukraine/feed 0
Russia Could Cut Gas Supplies to Ukraine This Week /80426/russia-could-cut-gas-supplies-to-ukraine-this-week /80426/russia-could-cut-gas-supplies-to-ukraine-this-week#comments Tue, 03 Jun 2014 15:42:24 +0000 /?p=80426 From INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TIMES By Marcy Kreiter Russia is threatening to cut off natural gas to Ukraine this week as newly elected Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko is pushing to up the pressure on pro-Russian separatists. Ukraine said Friday it would pay $786 million of the estimated $5.2 billion it owed Russia through the end of […]

The post Russia Could Cut Gas Supplies to Ukraine This Week appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
From INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TIMES

By Marcy Kreiter

Russia is threatening to cut off natural gas to Ukraine this week as newly elected Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko is pushing to up the pressure on pro-Russian separatists.

Ukraine said Friday it would pay $786 million of the estimated $5.2 billion it owed Russia through the end of May but it was unclear whether that would be enough to forestall a cutoff, the Washington Post reported. Gazprom raised its rates for Ukraine from $269 per thousand cubic meters to $485 in March, the highest in Europe. Price negotiations were to resume Monday in Brussels.

The report said Ukraine has about two months of gas in storage and with the weather warming, a cutoff would not have as serious an impact on Europe, which imports 15 percent of its natural gas needs through Ukraine, as it would have had earlier this year.

Igor Didenko, Ukraine’s acting deputy energy minister, called the price unreasonable.

Click here to read more

The post Russia Could Cut Gas Supplies to Ukraine This Week appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
/80426/russia-could-cut-gas-supplies-to-ukraine-this-week/feed 0
OPEC Crude Output Advances from 3-Year Low /80425/opec-crude-output-advances-from-3-year-low /80425/opec-crude-output-advances-from-3-year-low#comments Mon, 02 Jun 2014 19:41:09 +0000 /?p=80425 From THIS DAY LIVE OPEC Headoffice Obinna Chima with agency report The Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) crude production climbed in May for the first time in three months, led by gains in Angola and Saudi Arabia, a Bloomberg survey showed. Output from the 12-member OPEC countries rose by 75,000 barrels a day to […]

The post OPEC Crude Output Advances from 3-Year Low appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
From THIS DAY LIVE

OPEC Headoffice

Obinna Chima with agency report

The Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) crude production climbed in May for the first time in three months, led by gains in Angola and Saudi Arabia, a Bloomberg survey showed.

Output from the 12-member OPEC countries rose by 75,000 barrels a day to an average 29.988 million, according to the survey of oil companies, producers and analysts.

Last month’s total was revised 50,000 barrels a day higher to 29.913 million because of changes to the Saudi Arabian and United Arab Emirates estimates.

Members increased production as the International Energy Agency projected further increases will be needed to meet demand during the second half of the year.

The IEA had said in a May 15 report that OPEC would need to provide an average of 30.7 million barrels a day in the last six months of 2014.
“There’s still room for OPEC production to increase further,” Managing Principal of ESAI Energy Incorporated, in Wakefield, Massachusetts, Sarah Emerson said.

“Both the IEA and OPEC said this month that there’s a need for additional barrels.”
Brent crude for July settlement advanced 16 cents to close at $109.97 a barrel last Friday on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange. Brent is the benchmark grade for more than half the world’s oil. West Texas Intermediate crude for July delivery increased 86 cents, or 0.8 per cent, to settle at $103.58 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange

Click here to read more

The post OPEC Crude Output Advances from 3-Year Low appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
/80425/opec-crude-output-advances-from-3-year-low/feed 0
Independents Stepping up Role in Nigeria’s Oil Industry /80424/independents-stepping-up-role-in-nigerias-oil-industry /80424/independents-stepping-up-role-in-nigerias-oil-industry#comments Thu, 29 May 2014 14:41:50 +0000 /?p=80424 From BUSNESSDAY Independent oil and gas companies in Nigeria are increasingly raising their game, as international oil companies (IOCs) operating in the country continues the trend of asset divestment amid onshore risks. The Nigerian oil industry, which has long been dominated by the IOCs, has seen more asset acquisitions by independent and indigenous players resulting […]

The post Independents Stepping up Role in Nigeria’s Oil Industry appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
From BUSNESSDAY

Independent oil and gas companies in Nigeria are increasingly raising their game, as international oil companies (IOCs) operating in the country continues the trend of asset divestment amid onshore risks.

The Nigerian oil industry, which has long been dominated by the IOCs, has seen more asset acquisitions by independent and indigenous players resulting in increased production levels from them.

Nigeria’s homegrown oil companies, a number of which are independents, are set to account for about 25 percent of oil production in five years from 10 percent in 2014.

“If you look at the history of oil production in the United States, you will see that independents played an important role as the industry was maturing,” Wumi Iledare, president of International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE) said in response to questions from BusinessDay West Africa.

“The divestment by the IOCs is not necessarily bad; it is an opportunity for indigenous players. As the IOCs go to more difficult terrain like deep offshore, then it is left for the indigenous companies to take over the onshore assets. They just need to take advantage of the migration of the IOCs to the deep offshore,” he said.

The future of the Nigerian oil and gas industry is closely tied to the emergence and continuing growth of Nigerian independents, ABC Orjiako, chairman of Seplat Petroleum Development Company, said at the PwC Oil and Gas event in Ghana on October 18, 2013.

Oando

Oando Plc, a leading independent oil and gas company, has specifically structured its upstream business Oando Energy Resources Inc. (OER) to take advantage of current opportunities for indigenous companies in the country.

OER is in the final stages of acquiring ConocoPhillips’ Nigerian upstream oil and gas business, which is expected to position OER as one of the leading exploration and production (E&P) players in Nigeria, as measured by total reserves and production.

The proposed acquisition is anticipated to close during the first half of 2014, to enable the companies to satisfy all closing conditions including the anticipated consent of the minister of petroleum resources in Nigeria.

For 2014, the company’s budgeted capital expenditures for Oil Mining Leases (OMLs) 125 (Abo field), 56 (Ebendo) and 134 (Oberan) were set at $37.5 million, $22.7 million and at $7.4 million respectively.

Seven Energy

Seven Energy is ramping up efforts to service the Nigerian domestic gas market. The company recently secured $255 million of new equity investments from Singapore investment company Temasek, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the IFC African, Latin American and Caribbean Fund.

The capital investment will assist the company in the development of its growing portfolio of assets in Nigeria, where the company is focusing on the development of upstream reserves and resources and gas infrastructure to provide gas to the domestic market for power generation and industrial consumption.

The company recently acquired East Horizon Gas Company Limited, which operates the 128 km 18-inch East Horizon pipeline from Ukanafun to Mfamosing, near Calabar, and has a gas sales agreement to supply up to 25 million cubic feet of gas per day (mmcfpd).

It has completed the acquisition of SRL 905 Holdings Ltd, which holds a 40 percent interest in Oil Prospecting Licence (OPL) 905 (Anambra Basin), even as it continues the development of the Stubb Creek oil field, with the production facility scheduled to be commissioned in the second quarter of 2014.

The company’s upstream assets also include licence interests in the Uquo field, an indirect interest in OMLs 4, 38 and 41 through a Strategic Alliance Agreement with Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (Northwest Niger Delta).

Click here to read more

The post Independents Stepping up Role in Nigeria’s Oil Industry appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
/80424/independents-stepping-up-role-in-nigerias-oil-industry/feed 0
Iraq Oil Revival Stalls Again as Violence Pinches Growth: Energy /80423/iraq-oil-revival-stalls-again-as-violence-pinches-growth-energy /80423/iraq-oil-revival-stalls-again-as-violence-pinches-growth-energy#comments Wed, 28 May 2014 14:50:54 +0000 /?p=80423 From Bloomberg By Grant Smith and Nayla Razzouk The revival in Iraqi oil output has stalled. Again. Production forecasts for 2014 are getting less optimistic. The Oil Ministry’s official target is 4 million barrels a day by the end of the year. More likely it will be 3.75 million, Thamir Ghadhban, an adviser to the […]

The post Iraq Oil Revival Stalls Again as Violence Pinches Growth: Energy appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
From Bloomberg

By Grant Smith and Nayla Razzouk

The revival in Iraqi oil output has stalled. Again.

Production forecasts for 2014 are getting less optimistic. The Oil Ministry’s official target is 4 million barrels a day by the end of the year. More likely it will be 3.75 million, Thamir Ghadhban, an adviser to the prime minister, said in an interview May 14. Or perhaps 3.4 million, about the same as last month, according to the average of six analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg News.

Violence and conflict are pinching growth for OPEC’s second-biggest member. While Iraq added about 2 million barrels to daily production since 2003, the year of Saddam Hussein’s ouster, attacks on pipelines and an oil-revenue dispute with the semi-autonomous Kurdish region are diminishing the country’s dependability as a supplier. They’re also contributing to making oil more expensive, VTB Capital said.

“Iraq always seems to be the producer of the future,” Mike Wittner, head of oil market research at Societe Generale SA in New York, said by phone May 13. “The entire world has been upbeat on Iraq’s prospects for the last couple of years. But it’s not steady growth. They have to get the security situation sorted out, or that’s going to continue to hamper them.”

Iraq’s exports to Europe have been curbed since early March because of sabotage on its northern pipeline to Turkey. New supplies from the Kurdish region are mostly halted because of the dispute with the central government. Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki may need to form a broad coalition to remain in power after last month’s parliamentary elections, potentially slowing oil-policy decisions.

Global Benchmark

Brent crude, a global benchmark, is trading above $100 a barrel for a 23rd consecutive month, the longest stretch in data starting in 1988. Prices will average more than $100 this year and in each of the next three years, according to analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg. It traded at $109.90 a barrel at 1:34 p.m. in London.

Iraq’s production contracted 7 percent since reaching a 35-year peak of 3.6 million barrels a day in February, according to the International Energy Agency. The Basrah Oil Terminal in southern Iraq is scheduled to load 2.5 million barrels a day of crude for export this month and 2.7 million in June, according to loading programs obtained by Bloomberg News.

Shipments from the south, the only region exporting regularly, will probably stall at about 2.5 million barrels a day, unless work on storage tanks, pumping stations and other infrastructure is completed, the Paris-based IEA said in a report May 15.

Click here to read more

The post Iraq Oil Revival Stalls Again as Violence Pinches Growth: Energy appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
/80423/iraq-oil-revival-stalls-again-as-violence-pinches-growth-energy/feed 0
China’s Clean Air Quest to Drive LNG Investment: Santos /80422/chinas-clean-air-quest-to-drive-lng-investment-santos /80422/chinas-clean-air-quest-to-drive-lng-investment-santos#comments Tue, 27 May 2014 15:27:15 +0000 /?p=80422 From BusinessDay Santos’ head of liquefied natural gas markets, Peter Cleary, has pointed to Canada and Mozambique as Australia’s biggest competitors for new LNG investment, despite last week’s $US400 billion deal for China to import vast quantities of gas by pipeline from Russia. Mr Cleary said the deal between Russia and China left plenty of […]

The post China’s Clean Air Quest to Drive LNG Investment: Santos appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
From BusinessDay

Santos’ head of liquefied natural gas markets, Peter Cleary, has pointed to Canada and Mozambique as Australia’s biggest competitors for new LNG investment, despite last week’s $US400 billion deal for China to import vast quantities of gas by pipeline from Russia.

Mr Cleary said the deal between Russia and China left plenty of scope for Australian LNG to compete in Asia, and in China, where pressure for better air was likely to drive stronger demand for gas than many expect. “China needs all solutions, not one solution, for its energy needs,” he told Fairfax Media before an address on Tuesday at an Asian LNG summit in Beijing.

He said the Russian deal would provide a “great chunk of gas” when the pipeline starts up late this decade, but “by then there will be plenty of users” demanding deliveries.

Mr Cleary, who is also vice-president, eastern Australia commercial, at Santos, said pressure was on Australia to match new LNG projects in North America and East Africa. He said brownfield expansion of the $188 billion wave of LNG plants under construction around Australia and floating LNG would both be important in that regard.

“Whilst we have invested heavily in this move from 25 million tonnes to 80 million tonnes [of LNG capacity in Australia] we’ve created great opportunity for brown-field expansion, and I think you’ll find we’ll be fast adapters to floating LNG, which will keep us cost-competitive,” he said. “It doesn’t mean we have got all the problems licked but we are a reliable supplier . . . and that counts for a lot in this market. So, I think, if we are able to be competitive with new projects then we should win our fair share.”

In his address, Mr Cleary says China should overtake South Korea as the world’s second-largest LNG buyer as early as 2017.

By 2020, China might be importing about 50 million tonnes of LNG, about a seventh of global demand.

Click here to read more

The post China’s Clean Air Quest to Drive LNG Investment: Santos appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
/80422/chinas-clean-air-quest-to-drive-lng-investment-santos/feed 0
Cyprus May Become Global Natural-Gas Hub: Joe Biden /80420/cyprus-may-become-global-natural-gas-hub-joe-biden /80420/cyprus-may-become-global-natural-gas-hub-joe-biden#comments Fri, 23 May 2014 15:29:23 +0000 /?p=80420 From NDTV Nicosia, Cyprus: U.S. Vice President Joe Biden on Thursday underscored Cyprus’ potential to become key provider of natural gas to Europe, saying that newly discovered offshore reserves of the fossil fuel represented a unique opportunity for the divided island nation. “Cyprus is poised to become a key player … transforming the eastern Mediterranean […]

The post Cyprus May Become Global Natural-Gas Hub: Joe Biden appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
From NDTV

Nicosia, Cyprus: U.S. Vice President Joe Biden on Thursday underscored Cyprus’ potential to become key provider of natural gas to Europe, saying that newly discovered offshore reserves of the fossil fuel represented a unique opportunity for the divided island nation.

“Cyprus is poised to become a key player … transforming the eastern Mediterranean into a new global hub for natural gas,” Biden said as he toasted his host, Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades, at lunch in the presidential palace.

Anastasiades said the gas deposits, which also have been found in Israeli waters, can offer “an alternative energy corridor leading to increased energy security.”

The West wants to develop alternative suppliers of natural gas for Europe. Russia, the current top supplier, has threatened it could cut supplies or raise prices to European customers as part of diplomatic rifts over Ukraine.

Biden pledged U.S. government support for efforts to reunify the island. In 1974, Turkey invaded after a coup by supporters of union with Greece. For the past four decades the island has remained divided into a breakaway Turkish Cypriot north and an internationally recognized Greek Cypriot south.

Turkey, which doesn’t recognize Cyprus’ sovereignty, has voiced strong opposition to Greek Cypriot claims to the natural gas fields. It has repeatedly sent warship-escorted research vessels into Cypriot waters, where oil and gas companies are currently surveying, to underscore their own claim.

Click here to read more

The post Cyprus May Become Global Natural-Gas Hub: Joe Biden appeared first on Energy Tribune.

]]>
/80420/cyprus-may-become-global-natural-gas-hub-joe-biden/feed 0