U.S. Power Giant to Cut Coal Emissions Polluting Eastern States
The U.S. EPA, eight states and 13 citizens groups have reached an agreement with American Electric Power that requires the nation’s largest power company to cut air pollution at 16 of its coal-fired power plants across the Midwest and South.
The settlement comes in a lawsuit originally filed in a federal court in Ohio in 1999 and is a modification of a prior 2007 settlement in a federal-multistate air pollution lawsuit.
That case addressed the air pollution carried from AEP plants east of the Mississippi River into New England and the Mid-Atlantic states. Under the 2007 settlement, the company was required to install $4.6 billion worth of pollution controls and to invest $60 million in air pollution reduction projects.
AEP asked to reopen the settlement to change the pollution control technology on its two Rockport coal-fired plants in Indiana, which would save the company more than $1 billion in installation costs. In exchange, AEP agreed to meet a lower sulfur dioxide limit across its Eastern system beginning in 2016.
The new agreement lowers the “cap” on the total amount of sulfur dioxide, SO2, pollution that can be emitted by the 16 power plants in AEP’s eastern fleet.
AEP agreed to deeper and quicker emission reductions that lower the power plants’ emission levels far below federal requirements.
If the modified consent decree, filed with the U.S. District Court in Ohio Friday, is approved by the court after a public comment period, AEP and its subsidiaries will reduce their total SO2 emissions by roughly 90 percent by 2029 from its baseline emissions before the original 2007 settlement.
The agreement means that by 2015 AEP will stop burning coal at three power plants in Indiana, Ohio and Kentucky.
A total of 2,011 megawatts of coal-fired power will retire under the new settlement, removing some 12 million tons of climate-warming carbon emissions and nearly 84,000 tons of sulfur dioxide, SO2, that those three coal-fired power plants emit each year.
As part of the modified settlement, AEP has agreed to give a total of $6 million to the eight states involved in the settlement: Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont. These funds will cover programs to mitigate the effects of air pollution carried east from AEP’s Midwest plants.
“Coal-fired power plants make the largest contribution to air pollution in New York’s skies,” said New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman. “Updating our settlement with the nation’s largest power company will allow us to gain quicker and deeper cuts in their air pollution emissions, while providing more than $700,000 in additional funding to combat pollution in our state.”
Massachusetts Attorney General Martha Coakley said, “This settlement will require the company to dramatically reduce its harmful plant emissions, invest in more renewable energy resources, and provide funds for programs to mitigate the effects of SO2 pollution.”
AEP also agreed to provide $2.5 million in mitigation funds to citizen groups in Indiana for projects which may include diesel vehicle retrofits, health and safety home repairs, solar water heater installations, replacement of dirty outdoor wood boilers and land acquisition projects.
The agreement also commits AEP to developing 50 megawatts of wind or solar power this year and an additional 150 MW of wind or solar power in Indiana or Michigan by 2015.
“Across the Midwest and the Great Plains, in states like Iowa and South Dakota that already get 20 percent of their energy from wind sources, clean energy is powering homes, putting people back to work, and protecting families from dangerous and expensive coal-fired power plants,” said Kerwin Olson, executive director of Citizens Action Coalition of Indiana, one of the settling groups.
“Indiana has one of the fastest growing wind industries in the nation and is creating thousands of local jobs,” he said. “This settlement builds on that success and will only accelerate Indiana’s and our nation’s responsible transition to an economy powered by clean, renewable, affordable sources of energy.”
Under the modified settlement AEP will install pollution-curbing dry sorbent injection, or DSI, technology on its Rockport coal-fired power plant in Southern Indiana, saving the company more than $1 billion in installation costs.
The 2007 agreement had required AEP to install flue gas desulfurization technology at Rockport – a more expensive technology that results in greater pollution reductions, but the parties agreed to the DSI technology in return for an earlier installation date, the other coal plant retirements, and clean energy investments.
Under the new agreement AEP must either retire the two Rockport units in 2025 and 2028 or install additional controls designed to achieve removal of at least 98 percent of the sulfur dioxide they emit.
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