Clean Coal Isn’t a Joke
By Keith Kloor
In the annals of corporate greenwashing, the effort to rehabilitate coal’s sooty image is one of the most audacious. This cheap, plentiful fossil fuel is responsible for fouling our air and overheating the planet. And yet it’s the subject of a long-running campaign promising “clean coal.”
Everybody snickers at that term. Chris Rock recently joked on Twitter that “clean coal is kinda like clean porn.” Several years ago, a Washington Post op-ed scoffed: “Never was there an oxymoron more insidious, or more dangerous to our public health.”
So before we go any further, let’s be clear: The notion of clean coal gets no respect. You know it, I know it, we all know it.
Now here’s the really crazy part: There might one day (in the not-too-distant future) be such a thing as clean coal. For real.
And make no mistake, that would be a good thing, for “coal isn’t disappearing anytime soon,” as Lisa Palmer pointed out earlier this month in Slate. A new study just released by the World Resources Institute reveals that nearly 1,200 new coal plants have been proposed worldwide, most of them in developing countries such as China and India. The implications of this are dire, Time magazine’s Bryan Walsh writes: “Since coal is already the single biggest contributor to man-made global warming, an unchecked global coal-building spree really would be game over for the climate.”
So the race to a clean-coal future is on, with the Holy Grail being a technology known as carbon capture and storage (CCS). The basic idea of CCS is to bottle carbon dioxide from power plants before it is released into the atmosphere and then bury it somewhere safely underground. The good news is that the technology to do this actually exists. It is the focus of ongoing government-sponsored research. Since 2005, $10 billion from federal coffers has poured into dozens of pilot projects around the country, the majority of them at universities and national labs. In Texas, one state-of-the-art commercial plant that would capture 90 percent of its CO2 emissions is well into the planning stages. Its progress is being watched closely by industry and greens (who support it). While the idea of clean coal may be derided, proof of concept has been demonstrated.
The bad news: Carbon sequestration (another wonky term commonly used to describe CCS) is prohibitively expensive. Capturing and compressing coal exhaust perversely requires a lot more energy, which is costly. This, plus lingering technical concerns, make scaling up the technology difficult. The World Resources Institute, which favors implementation of CCS, notes the quandary: “In technology development there is a period referred to as the ‘valley of death,’ where a technology has been proven in the laboratory and on a small scale, but has yet to become commercially viable.”
The promise of clean coal thus tantalizes us. We look for it it on the horizon, but for now it remains trapped in the “valley of death.” What would free it?
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